Archive for September, 2020

Upgrading from Slim 3 to Slim 4

Friday, September 18th, 2020 | Programming

Slim is one of my favourite PHP microframeworks and many websites are built on Slim 3. I have recently moved to Slim 4 and thought I would document the upgrade process for anyone else looking to make the leap.

Dependencies

Slim 3 came with its own dependency injection container. This is no longer the case. Therefore, we need to bring one in, such as php-di that Slim supports out-of-the-box. We will also need a PSR-7 library and the Slim HTTP helpers.

"slim/slim": "4.*",
"slim/psr7": "1.*",
"slim/http": "1.*",
"php-di/php-di": "^6.1",

Creating the app

In Slim 3, we created the app and then accessed the container.

$app = new \Slim\App([
    'settings' => []
]);

$container = $app->getContainer();

In Slim 4, we create the container then attached it to the app.

$container = new \DI\Container();
\Slim\Factory\AppFactory::setContainer($container);
$app = \Slim\Factory\AppFactory::create();

You can still access the container in the old way and inject dependencies into it, but you need to manually pass it into the app as above.

Accessing dependencies

Now we are using our PSR-11 DI of choice, we need to change how we access our dependencies. Previously, wee could use the Slim shorthand.

$db = $this->ci->db;

Now we need to use the PSR-11 standard.

$db = $this->ci->get('db');

Exception handling

Previously, we could set error handling using the dependency injection container.

$container['notFoundHandler'] = function ($container) {
    return function ($request, $response) use ($container) {
        $controller = new \App\Controller\ExceptionController($container);
        return $controller->notFound($request, $response);
    };
};

In Slim 4, we need to use the bundled middleware.

$errorMiddleware = $app->addErrorMiddleware(true, true, true);

$errorMiddleware->setErrorHandler(
    Slim\Exception\HttpNotFoundException::class,
    function (Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface $request) use ($container) {
        $controller = new App\Controller\ExceptionController($container);
        return $controller->notFound($request);
    });

This also means changing the exception controller, too, if you use one. In Slim 3, we would still get a response object passed in.

    public function notFound(Request $request, Response $response)
    {
        return $this->render($response, 'not-found.html');
    }

With Slim 4, we need to create our own.

    public function notFound(Request $request)
    {
        $response = new \Slim\Psr7\Response;
        return $this->render($response, 'not-found.html');
    }

That should take care of most of the changes. If you run into anything else, let me know, and I’ll update this article.

Can you train for an Ironman in 6 weeks?

Thursday, September 3rd, 2020 | Sport, Video

Many athletes spend years preparing for a full distance (Ironman) triathlon. But what if you only have 6 weeks? In this video, I’ll give it a go. To be fair, I wasn’t going from a standing start. I spent the first three months of 2020 on my training plan. Then COVID-19 happened, all the races got cancelled, and I spent the next few months running the Great Virtual Race Across Tennessee.

Then, six weeks before the race, Dalesman announced they were going ahead with their full distance race. So, I thought I would give it a go. Is it enough time to get ready? Let’s find out!

Skip to 8:15 for the sexy training montage and 15:57 for some race day footage.